The World Health Organisation has warned of infectious diseases such as measles, polio, COVID-19 and TB among Ukarine war refugees.
COPENHAGEN, Denmark, Mar 13 (The CONNECT) - The World Health Organisation has warned of risks of risk of human trafficking and escalated gender-based violence in Ukraine as a result of the increasingly vulnerable situation for refugee populations in Ukraine.
WHO, in its report on Ukraine emergency following the Russian attack also expressed concern over the fate of unaccompanied children and young people in particular and lack of resource management or follow-up from within surrounding countries.
The other areas of concern the WHO listed are:
• Conflict related trauma and injuries exacerbated due to increasing intensity of violence and by lack of access to health facilities by patients and health staff due to insecurity and difficulties for safe access to lifesaving medicine and supplies.
• Risk of excess illness and death from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and cancer due to a disruption in medical supply lines and health services.
• Risk of emergence and spread of infectious diseases such as measles, polio, COVID-19 and other respiratory infections, tuberculosis (TB), HIV and diarrheal diseases due to widespread destruction of water and sanitation infrastructure, inadequate vaccination coverage, lack of access to medicines and medical care, population movements and over-crowding.
• Risk of mental health and psychosocial health deterioration due to significant stress from acute conflict in addition to two years of living with COVID-19 and
• Risk to maternal health due to lack of access to obstetric care will increase the risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. It is expected that 80 000 women will give birth in Ukraine in the next three months.
The WHO said it is coordinating the health response in support of the MoH in Ukraine and surrounding countries and monitoring technological and environmental hazards, and industrial sites affected by the conflict
It has started conducting public health risk assessments, and health facility and service assessments and scaling-up surveillance and health information to detect and respond to outbreaks early and to better understand health needs, health threats, and the functionality and availability of health services.
It is providing health supplies and logistics capacity to deliver medicines, diagnostics, as well as trauma and preventive supplies and vaccines.
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